Mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs) are promising therapeutic agents for various diseases.
To investigate the effects of conditioned medium from human bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC-CdM) on pro-collagen production and wirnkle formation, we performed in vitro and in vivo experiments.
We assessed the effects of MSC-CdM on proliferation and photo-aging in human dermal fibroblasts after UVB exposure using enzyme activity assays for collagen type1 secretion and MMP-1. To determine the effect of topically applied MSC-CdM on wrinkle formation, MSC-CdM (1% and 10%) and vehicle (propylene glycol: ethanol, 7:3) were applied to the dorsal skin of UVB-irradiated hairless mice for 8weeks.
We examined the effects on wrinkle formation by assessing visual skin grading, replica, tape stripping, transepidermal water loss (TEWL), and skin hydration measurement. We also examined histology of the lesions using hematoxylin-eosin, Masson's trichrome, and immunohistochemical staining.
MSC-CdM markedly reduced UV-induced matrix metalloproteinase-1 expression and increased pro-collagen synthesis in a dose-dependent manner. Our findings suggest that MSC_CdM induces repair of dermal damage and dffacement of wrinkles on UVB-irradiated hairless mice through protective effect of hydration.
These results support an anti-wrinkle effect of MSC-CdM that involves increased collagen synthesis and suggest that MSC-CdM might be a potential candidate for preventing UV-induced skin damage.